Comprehensive Approaches to an Ambiguous Subject – Festschrift for Otmar Höll
Edited By Alexander Klimburg and Jan Pospisil
Development and Environmental Policy as an Integral Part of a Comprehensive Approach. Linking Foreign and Security Policy
Development and Environmental Policy as an Integral Part of a Comprehensive Approach Linking Foreign and Security Policy Green Development: A Notion Affecting Sustainable National Economies, Environmental Security and International Relations Sanja Tišma and Marina Funduk Introduction Environmental issues are becoming an increasingly important element of eco- nomic development in the global community. Climate change, biodiversity con- servation, energy security and efficiency, regulating the international trade of hazardous waste, human security and ecological security have recently gained the status of being global imperatives, with direct implications on the economy, development and international relations. The key change in the last decade was the transition from environmental management by governments to green devel- opment and human security by multiple actors. Today, global environmental policy surpasses the classical theories of international relations and environmen- tal policy. It has entered the interdisciplinary field of research that is develop- ment and the economy. This trend is manifested in two ways: as a threat and as an opportunity. On the one hand, the introduction of increasingly demanding environmental stand- ards and goals result in high costs for businesses and can cause uncompetitive- ness for international actors, but nevertheless it is still desirable for lo- cal/national economic growth. On the other hand, a business that is successfully restructured in line with green development platforms becomes more resourceful and has improved market efficiency, as well as more internationally competitive. Increased demand for environmentally friendly products and rapidly growing new green markets create novel “globally acceptable” green investments and...
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