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Mediating Security

Comprehensive Approaches to an Ambiguous Subject – Festschrift for Otmar Höll

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Edited By Alexander Klimburg and Jan Pospisil

In over four decades of scientific exploration, Otmar Höll has approached international security from often unorthodox and unconventional perspectives. Starting with the issues of development and environmental policy, the challenge of a more comprehensive notion of security increasingly becomes a primary focus. Otmar Höll accepted this challenge and sought to combine it with his interests in the theory of political psychology, the practice of psychotherapeutic and mediated approaches to conflict resolution. Comprehensive Security therefore became a concept with a particular personal relevance. This Festschrift highlights Otmar Höll’s professional achievement through the contributions of friends, companions and colleagues.

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The Challenges of Global Governance as the Regulatory Framework of Comprehensive Security

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Global Governance from Above and Below A.J.R. Groom Introduction We live in an anarchical global society. It is anarchical because there is no cen- tral authority, but nevertheless there are enough shared norms and values to con- stitute a society, even if it is a weak society and a correspondingly weak system of governance. Global governance is essential because there has been a marked growth in the number of global problems especially during the last fifty years. Global problems are those which necessarily affect everybody and from which no person can escape. We are thus all involved and in broaching them, we either hang together or we hang separately. Governance is about the process of hang- ing together. It is more than anarchy and less than world government. It is based on a society which, even if anarchical, implies that there are sufficient shared values, rules, procedures and institutions to enable its members to live together the better to deal with problems such as nuclear weapons, the global economy, climate change and the like. Global governance is a process. It is a process to identify issues such as those mentioned above, to form an agenda about those issues, to arrive at an outcome from discussion of the agenda and to arrange a programme to imple- ment it and to assess feedback. It is multilateral in the sense that there are many different actors from different levels of global society, and it is multidimensional since it deals with political, economic, social...

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