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Self-based Anaphora in Early Modern English

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Ewa Kucelman

This book is a corpus-based study which aims to describe the class of self-pronouns as used in the Early Modern English period. Self-pronouns are presented as a multi-functional class, with two main functions, as emphatic forms and as reflexive markers. The emphatic function is seen as a continuation of an earlier state of affairs, whereas the reflexive function is described as a new, emerging one. As reflexive markers, self-pronouns in Early Modern English compete with personal pronouns. Therefore the book seeks to present the conditions of their distribution ranging from configurational and thematic through discursive to pragmatic factors involved in the choice of the reflexive strategy.

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Chapter 1: SELF pronouns as bound anaphors

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Chapter 1 SELF pronouns as bound anaphors 1.1 Introduction Standard analyses of the relationship between an anaphoric SELF pronoun and its antecedent are carried out within the framework provided by the Binding Theory3, BT for short (cf. Chomsky 1981, 1986, Reinhart and Reuland 1993, Reuland and Everaert 2001, Büring 2005a, among others), while the emphatic, or, as it is often referred to, intensifying use is believed to be best accounted for by taking into consideration pragmatic and discursive factors (cf. Zribi-Hertz 1989, Pollard and Sag 1992, Baker 1995, Reuland and Everaert 2001, Everaert 2005, among others). In the course of our study we will present the key arguments for such a treatment of SELF pronouns, as well as certain difficulties which inevitably arise if it is assumed that all bound anaphoric uses can be successfully dealt with by BT. The present chapter is devoted to theoretical considerations concerning the status of the bound SELF pronoun in the contexts of its use and the conditions under which it can or indeed must appear in a given clause. We will present BT as a tool offering a comprehensive description of the conditions and restrictions governing the use of anaphoric SELF pronouns, at the same time making a clear distinction between bound and free nominal expressions, thus accounting for the complementarity between reflexives and pronominals 4 . It will also be signalled briefly that emphatic appositive and locally free SELF pronouns do not conform to the requirements set for anaphoric expressions by the...

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