Chinese Political Metaphysics: The Book of Changes - Petr Drulák
Chinese Political Metaphysics: The Book of Changes Petr Drulák “The empire, long divided, must unite; long united, must divide. Thus it has ever been.” Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong China has a long tradition of political thinking including ideas from Chinese thinkers as well as ideas from abroad. Nowadays, Chinese political thinking is being developed in connection with the dialogue with the West. However, such a dialogue is only possible if both parties are aware of their mutual distinctions and common ground. This awareness is vital not only for China, in its efforts to determine how its society should look, but also for the West. When dealing with China, Europeans and Americans need to be able to dis- tinguish between fundamental differences, which are difficult to bridge, and those which are only apparent, turning into similarities upon closer scrutiny. A careful examination of this dichotomy protects against opposite dangers: false universalism, which expects China to converge with Western models, and sin- gularity, seeing China as completely unique and, by extension, incomprehensi- ble to any outsider. This chapter contributes to such an examination by focusing on the Chinese theoretical thinking about international politics and, more specifically, on its metaphysical foundations. It starts with a brief summary of the intellectual background of this thinking, including the most important influences from out- side. The summary is followed by an examination of some of the most visible Chinese contributions to the current IR theory. On this basis, it is argued...
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