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The Adjective as an Adjunctive Predicative Expression

A Semantic Analysis of Nominalised Propositional Structures as Secondary Predicative Syntagmas

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Dorota Szumska

The analysis is a contribution to contemporary linguistics, particularly the theory of syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Within the theoretical framework of predicate-argument syntax (also known as semantic syntax), the author analyses the role of the adjective as an adjunctive predicative expression. The aim of the research is to create a description of an adjective which could be prospectively useful as a point of departure for analyses of phenomena analogous from the communication point of view in other languages. The book contains a rich text material and a large number of valuable pragmatic insights into Polish nominal syntagmas with an adjective.

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Chapter I Introduction: the concept of the description of the adjective as a predicative expression ............................................................................... 11 I.1. The research paradigm: basic assumptions and the conceptual and terminological resources for a predicate-argument syntax model ....... 11 I.2. The aim of the description......................................................................... 13 I.3. Reasons for the choice of subject.............................................................. 14 I.4. The adjective: theoretical preliminaries .................................................... 15 I.4.1. “Adjectivity”: dilemmas and resolutions ......................................... 15 I.4.2. Surface-syntactic characteristics of adjectives: controversial and uncontroversial points......................................... 17 I.4.3. Hierarchisation of the adjective’s syntagmatic positions: a contribution to the discussion ....................................................... 19 I.4.4. Role of morphological and surface-syntactic criteria in the determination of the range of the adjectival lexeme class..... 20 I.5. Empirical data ........................................................................................... 21 I.5.1. Semantic and syntactic constraints on the object described ............ 21 1.6. Methodological investigation.................................................................... 22 I.6.1. Limited effectiveness of the surface analysis of organisation at the content level........................................................................... 22 I.6.2. The place of introspection in semantic studies ................................ 24 I.6.3. Methods applied............................................................................... 25 Chapter II The adjective as a predicative expression.................................... 41 II. 1. Categorical differentiation of the system of lexical exponents of the predicate .......................................................................................... 41 II.2. Formal representation types of predication: the predicating vs. sentence-building predication ..................................... 44 II.3. The adnominal position and the attributive position of the adjectival predicative expression (AdjPE) as communicatively relevant ways of differentiating the structuralisation of propositional contents .............. 46 II.4. The syntagmatic position of evaluative and parametric adjectives and the interpretive paradigm of PASes achieved through them.............. 51 8 Table of Contents II.5. The conceptual structure of evaluative and parametric adjectives............ 56 II.6. Adjectival transpositional derivatives (AdjTD) ........................................ 60 II.6.1. Denominal...

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