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The Adjective as an Adjunctive Predicative Expression

A Semantic Analysis of Nominalised Propositional Structures as Secondary Predicative Syntagmas

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Dorota Szumska

The analysis is a contribution to contemporary linguistics, particularly the theory of syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Within the theoretical framework of predicate-argument syntax (also known as semantic syntax), the author analyses the role of the adjective as an adjunctive predicative expression. The aim of the research is to create a description of an adjective which could be prospectively useful as a point of departure for analyses of phenomena analogous from the communication point of view in other languages. The book contains a rich text material and a large number of valuable pragmatic insights into Polish nominal syntagmas with an adjective.

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Chapter I Introduction: the concept of the descriptionof the adjective as a predicative expression

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Chapter I Introduction: the concept of the description of the adjective as a predicative expression Let’s have do with assumptionless observation – which is an absurdity psychologically and just a logical game. (L. Fleck) I.1. The research paradigm: basic assumptions and the conceptual and terminological resources for a predicate-argument syntax model The reasoning in this book will be deductive and inductive. In any scientific or scholarly undertaking we can hardly expect to rely purely on deduction, which, as many researchers (for example Bogusawski 1983a: 48; Stanosz 1992: 65; Bobrowski 1998: 25) stress, has no means available to formulate nomothetic explanations. On the other hand we cannot but agree with others, like the above- quoted Ludwik Fleck, who favour a relativistic concept of science [Fleck 1986: 123], since we must concede that “no research experience can exist without a paradigm” [Nowakowska-Kempna 1998: 28]. In other words we cannot go along with the naive inductivists, especially as induction based on a limited number of cases is fallacious [Quine 1977: 509]1. Hence, assuming that the examination of a given statement is only one version of a particular ontology [Gellner 1984: 384], or to put it in the terms of Heidegger’s and Gadamer’s hermeneutics [Januszkiewicz 2004: 264-265] – that such an analysis is shaped by a “perceptual horizon” [Termiska 1995: 23; Jdrzejko 2000: 59], before I proceed to define the aim of this study and describe the scope of my subject, it will be appropriate to characterise the conceptual and methodological foundation I have chosen...

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