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The Adjective as an Adjunctive Predicative Expression

A Semantic Analysis of Nominalised Propositional Structures as Secondary Predicative Syntagmas

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Dorota Szumska

The analysis is a contribution to contemporary linguistics, particularly the theory of syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Within the theoretical framework of predicate-argument syntax (also known as semantic syntax), the author analyses the role of the adjective as an adjunctive predicative expression. The aim of the research is to create a description of an adjective which could be prospectively useful as a point of departure for analyses of phenomena analogous from the communication point of view in other languages. The book contains a rich text material and a large number of valuable pragmatic insights into Polish nominal syntagmas with an adjective.

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Chapter IV The noun phrase with an adjectiveas the exponent of an adjunctive proposition

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Chapter IV The noun phrase with an adjective as the exponent of an adjunctive proposition Opposites come together, and out of diverse sounds the most beautiful harmony is made. (Heraclitus) If the fundamental truths were not contained in all human minds it would not be possible to understand one another in any matter. (From the entry on common sense in Diderot’s Encyclopedia ) IV.1. Factors determining the inclusion of non-sentence- forming predication in the sentence form The possibility of combining propositional contents in complex (derived) structures, formally expressed in the syntagmatisation of the exponents in a core (basic) and adjunctive proposition within the same sentence-form leads to the question of the semantic factors fostering or inhibiting their surface-semantic coexistence. This question is all the more warranted because it is associated with the issue of concurrence of predicates, which is still awaiting its systematic description1. Moreover, if we focus our attention on adjunctive propositions formalised as AdjNPs we get an additional incentive for such a study – the low frequency of textual occurrence of noun phrases with an accessory component. This point has been observed for Polish by Topoliska, who makes two mentions of it in Gramatyka wspóczesnego jzyka polskiego. In one of her remarks she writes that many of the noun phrases found in texts, or in fact the statistical majority of them, consist only of constitutive components [Skadnia 1984: 332, 350 – my emphasis, D.S.]. If we are to trust her statistical data we should reconsider the causes of this state...

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