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Institutional and Livelihood Changes in East African Forest Landscapes

Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Edited By Franz Gatzweiler

This book presents research articles and essays which analyze the consequences of decentralization on forest conditions and livelihoods in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia. Authors from the East African collaborative research centers of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program demonstrate that the institutional changes resulting from decentralization create costs for those who need to re-institutionalize and re-organize the management of forest and land resources. This requires investment into information, communication, education and into the re-building of social capital. Cases in which collective action has worked and contributed to improving livelihoods and forest conditions can be exemplary, while failures can be equally useful for learning about East Africa and beyond.

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Foreword Arun Agrawal ...................................................................................................... V Acknowledgements .......................................................................................... VII List of Contributors .......................................................................................... IX Introduction Decentralization, Institutional Change and Learning for Sustainable Forest Management in Eastern Africa Franz W. Gatzweiler and Emily Obonyo .............................................................. 1 Chapter 1 Forest Governance Reforms in Eastern Africa: A Comparative Analysis of Institutional, Livelihood and Forest Sustainability Outcomes Abwoli Y. Banana, Paul. O. Ongugo, William S. Gombya-Ssembajjwe, Tadesse W. Gole, Feyera Senbeta, Justine Namaalwa, Emmanuel Luoga, Joseph Bahati, L. A. Mbwambo, Valerie Graw, Franz W. Gatzweiler ............... 17 Chapter 2 The Role of Institutions for Sustainable Livelihoods in Eastern Africa Forest Landscapes: Experience from Tanzania Emmanuel Luoga and George C. Kajembe ........................................................ 49 Chapter 3 Decentralized Forest Management in Uganda: Has it Impacted Forest Sustainability? Daniel Waiswa, Stephen P. Prisley, William S. Gombya-Ssembajjwe, Abwoli Y. Banana and Joseph Bahati ................................................................. 65 XIV Chapter 4 Institutions, Livelihoods and Forest Dynamics: The Case of Ramogi and Mau Forests in Kenya George M. Okwaro ............................................................................................. 77 Chapter 5 Emerging Roles of Community Forest Associations in Kenya: The Cases of Arabuko – Sokoke Forest Adjacent Dwellers Association (Asfada) and Meru Forest Enviromental and Protection Community Association (Mefecap) Paul O. Ongugo, Titus E. Mbuvi, Emily Obonyo, Jephin Mogoi, Joseph O. Maua, Charles K. Koech and Roxventa A. Othim .............................. 93 Chapter 6 Resource, Recourse and Decisions: Incentive Structures for decentralized Forest Governance in Uganda Abwoli Y. Banana, Mukadasi Buyinza, Krister Andersson and Esther Mwangi ........................................................................................... 107 Chapter 7 Conflicting Policies: Institutional Approaches towards Decentralization and Governance of Common Pool Resources in Kenya Kimani Samuel Munyua .................................................................................... 125 Chapter 8 Local Institutions and their...

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