Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia
Edited By Franz Gatzweiler
Chapter 6 Resource, Recourse and Decisions: Incentive Structures for decentralized Forest Governance in Uganda: Abwoli Y. Banana, Mukadasi Buyinza, Krister Andersson and Esther Mwangi
107 Chapter 6 Resource, Recourse and Decisions: Incentive Structures for decentralized Forest Governance in Uganda Abwoli Y. Banana, Mukadasi Buyinza, Krister Andersson and Esther Mwangi 6.1 Abstract The case for improving public sector performance through decentralization re- forms rests on the premise that such reforms foster increased accountability of government. The problem is that achieving accountability requires much more than merely changing the formal rules through a government reform process. In other words, the closer proximity between government and citizens that may result from decentralization is only one of many factors that affect accountabili- ty, and as such, decentralization does not automatically translate into more ac- countability of government. We argue that the extent to which the actors in the decentralized regime actually achieve accountable governance will depend on a series of institutional considerations that are often independent from the decen- tralization reform process. These institutional considerations include the degree of citizen power and recourse in public affairs, the central government’s efforts to monitor local government performance, and the flow of financial resources between citizens, private firms and government at different levels. In this paper, we develop a diagnostic tool for the study of decentralized governance regimes – the recourse and resource diagram – which we believe has the potential to help policy analysts gain a deeper understanding of the variety of the factors that affect the construction of accountable governance. We look at what has worked and what has failed to deliver the objectives of change, and what has created unexpected...
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