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Institutional and Livelihood Changes in East African Forest Landscapes

Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia

Edited By Franz Gatzweiler

This book presents research articles and essays which analyze the consequences of decentralization on forest conditions and livelihoods in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia. Authors from the East African collaborative research centers of the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) Research Program demonstrate that the institutional changes resulting from decentralization create costs for those who need to re-institutionalize and re-organize the management of forest and land resources. This requires investment into information, communication, education and into the re-building of social capital. Cases in which collective action has worked and contributed to improving livelihoods and forest conditions can be exemplary, while failures can be equally useful for learning about East Africa and beyond.

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Chapter 11 Demographic and socio-economic Correlates of Participatory Forest Management and Local People’s Perception: The Case of Chilimo Forestin Ethiopia: Melaku Merga Chemeda and Tadesse Woldemariam Gole

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187 Chapter 11 Demographic and socio-economic Correlates of Participatory Forest Management and Local People’s Perception: The Case of Chilimo Forest in Ethiopia Melaku Merga Chemeda and Tadesse Woldemariam Gole 11.1 Abstract This study examines the socio-economic and demographic correlates of partici- patory forest management and the attitude that local communities have towards the approach. The basic data used in this study come from household surveys. Correlates of participatory forest management were analysed by descriptive, bivariate and logistic regression models. The analyses demonstrated the differ- ences in the participation level and the demographic and socio-economic charac- teristics of the farm households. All variables entered into the model, except the household size, appear to be acceptable at five percent significance. The logistic regression indicates the participation of local communities as a forest user group is positively and significantly correlated with literacy status, income and current land size owned. Perception toward the PFM approach was also analysed by descriptive and multinomial logistic regression. In this analysis, the probability of model chi-square 57.700 was 0.000 less than or equal to the level of signific- ance of 0.05 proves the existence of a relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable. Accordingly, participation and literacy status were correlated positively with perception while household size correlated negatively. The descriptive part of the analyses also indicated nearly half (49%) of the respondents were among the high perception category towards the PFM approach. About 97% of the total respondents reported that since the introduc- tion of PFM...

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