Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia
Edited By Franz Gatzweiler
Chapter 13 Property Right Regimes and Sustainable Forest Management: Lessons from fourteen Years of Monitoring of Forest Resources in Uganda: Namaalwa Justine, Abwoli Y. Banana and William Gombya-Ssembajjwe
231 Chapter 13 Property Right Regimes and Sustainable Forest Management: Lessons from fourteen Years of Monitoring of Forest Resources in Uganda Namaalwa Justine, Abwoli Y. Banana and William Gombya-Ssembajjwe 13.1 Abstract In Sub-Saharan Africa, the major problems facing natural forest resource manage- ment have been deforestation and forest degradation. Lack of clearly defined and enforced property rights, leading to a de facto open access situation, has been pointed out as the major cause. National governments have been urged to reme- dy the situation through tenure changes such as privatisation and decentraliza- tion. This chapter is based on the UFRIC study in Uganda and aims at investigat- ing whether well defined and enforced property rights are a necessary and/or sufficient condition for sustainable forest management. This is done using 28 UFRIC forest sites under either private or government governance arrangements. The analysis indicates that both the State and private-owned forests experience high degradation and deforestation levels, but with high variations across the continuum for each governance regime. The paper concludes that establishing appropriate forms of tenure to delineate boundaries and limit exploitation consti- tutes an important step towards achieving sustainability. However, we need to iden- tify other factors/conditions to complement this step in achieving sustainability. It therefore adds to other studies which show that the theoretical and policy pers- pectives concerning appropriate property rights for resources requires recogni- tion of the specific historical, socioeconomic, political and ecological contexts. 13.2 Introduction Sustainable management of forest resources poses one of the world’s greatest...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.