Decentralization and Institutional Change for Sustainable Forest Management in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia
Edited By Franz Gatzweiler
Chapter 14 Linking Mount Kilimanjaro Forest Resourcesto Institutional, Socio-Political and Physical Factors: A Cross-Border Comparative Analysis: Emmanuel Luoga, Paul Ongugo, George Kajembe, D.S.A. Silayo,and Njabha Lyantura
253 Chapter 14 Linking Mount Kilimanjaro Forest Resources to Institutional, Socio-Political and Physical Factors: A Cross-Border Comparative Analysis Emmanuel Luoga, Paul Ongugo, George Kajembe, D.S.A. Silayo, and Njabha Lyantura 14.1 Abstract There is a key shift on forest governance in East Africa in which participatory models are being introduced to lessen the governments’ monopoly over man- agement of forests. This study explores the extent to which the macro constitu- tional level (policy formulation, governance, adjudication and constitutional decision making) affects the operational incentives and outcomes towards achieving this goal. Two forest reserves of Loitokitok in Kenya and Kikelelwa in Tanzania were studied and the results showed that recent and current levels of anthropogenic activities appear to override the natural replenishment rate of the ecosystem particularly in one forest. We found that the differences in the organi- zational performance of the two forests stem mostly from the historical and insti- tutional differences of the two countries. Recommendations are made towards sustainable management of both forests. 14.2 Introduction Kenya and Tanzania share a common and related history dating back to the pre- colonial era until the late 1960s when each country embarked on a different course of development. Kenya attempted to improve rural livelihood through individual profit incentives (capitalistic market economy) and Tanzania opted for organising collective work and settling people in collectivized villages (socialis- tic economy) (Migot-Adhola, 1979; Barkan, 1979; Sunderlin et al., 2005; Bryce- son, 2010). These countries also share various natural resources, one of which is the Mount Kilimanjaro...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.