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Malaysian English

Language Contact and Change


Siew Imm Tan

Malaysian English: Language Contact and Change is a corpus-based study of contemporary Malaysian English. Based on linguistic features extracted from the Malaysian English Newspaper Corpus, this study demonstrates the diverse ways in which Malaysian English has changed as a result of contact with Malay and Chinese languages. The interactions between groups of speakers who are dominant in English and those who are dominant in Malay or Chinese have resulted in wide-ranging changes in Malaysian English. Multilingual individuals who juggle several languages in their daily communications have also shaped the structure of this variety. This volume suggests that variation and change in Malaysian English are the results of both the communal acquisition and the maintenance of English by a multilingual community.


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a. adjective ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations attrib. attributively comb. in combination EIC British East India Company ESM English of Singapore and Malaysia HTML HyperText Markup Language int. interjection lit. literally ME Malaysian English MEN Corpus Malaysian English Newspaper Corpus n. noun NST New Straits Times orig. originally Pl. plural SEUK Standard English of the United Kingdom SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language SIVE standard inner-circle varieties of English SLA second language acquisition SME Singapore-Malayan English STAR The Star TL target language UMNO United Malays National Organisation v. verb

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