Perception and Production
Edited By Charlotte S. Gooskens and Renee van Bezooijen
Language policies and attitudes towards Frisian in the Netherlands (Nanna Haug Hilton & Charlotte Gooskens)
Language policies and attitudes towards Frisian in the Netherlands Nanna Haug Hilton & Charlotte Gooskens Abstract This paper reports on an investigation into covertly and overtly held attitudes towards the minority language Frisian in the Netherlands. A large scale matched-guise investi- gation was held in five locations throughout the Netherlands, including the province of Fryslân, where Frisian enjoys an official status in education and government and top- down language policy encourages usage of the minority language. The project reported upon is the first language attitude investigation to be held in a broad population group since large scale language planning and policy changes have taken place in the prov- ince. The outcomes from the attitude investigation are viewed in light of these lan- guage planning and policy changes. Our analysis indicates that the top-down language planning concerned with Frisian over the last 20 years has not brought with it more positive attitudes towards the language. These findings have implications for language planners who hope to increase the status of minority languages in Fryslân and else- where. 1. Frisian as a minority language West Frisian is a Germanic language spoken mainly in the province of Fryslân in the north of the Netherlands. Other varieties of Frisian are North and East Frisian, both spoken in Germany. This paper focuses on the situation of West Frisian and for the remainder of the paper ‘Frisian’ is used to refer to the linguistic variety spoken in the Netherlands only. The main concern of this...
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