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«… the ball seemed to keep rolling …»

Linking up Cognitive Systems in Language: Attention and Force Dynamics

Martina Lampert and Günther Lampert

Again firmly rooted in Leonard Talmy’s Cognitive Semantics, this new study moves beyond the analysis of single schematic systems in language contributing to the linguistic task of conceptual integration. It investigates for the first time effects of linking up Force Dynamics, a conceptual category generalizing over the traditional notion of the causative, and the Attention system of language, as detailed in Talmy’s most recent extended draft version. To accommodate the conceptual and formal complexities involved at the interface of Attention, Force Dynamics, and Cognitive State and to allow for an appropriate degree of fine-grainedness the analytical framework affords, the exposition has been constrained to the golf scenario, where forces are at work in the physical and sociodynamic domains.


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Chapter 7 Salience Alternatives in Complex Force-DynamicPatterns: An Integrating Perspective


Chapter 7 Salience Alternatives in Complex Force-Dynam- ic Patterns: An Integrating Perspective As has repeatedly been touched upon in the course of this book, force-dynamic patterns are found in more complex interactions, and especially they are seen to chain and nest into multiply integrated structures, which are all character- ized by different attentional mechanisms to yield quite a range of conceptual and linguistic alternatives. Such salience alternatives in complex pattern(ing)s, involving multiple force-dynamically specified linguistic representations, will now be the focus in this final chapter -- a general perspective of analysis that has, in fact, been one of TALMY’s major concerns, reoccurring in various con- texts and multifaceted appearances throughout his scientific achievements. The case study to follow, then, offers a first and selective glimpse of cross-domain interactions as they are captured by the mechanisms proposed in TALMY (forth- coming), and it will do so with respect to two perspectives: We will first address the phenomenon of nesting and chaining of causally related events, giving rise to intriguingly complex conceptual structures that, however, are regularly represented in language by remarkably ‘simple’ pat- terns that essentially rely on systematically omitting considerable portions of the conceptual material. This basic cognitive operation accommodates the foundational attentional principles of presence and significance, captured in TALMY’s mechanism of windowing and gapping, and will be, in one manifesta- tion, the target of Chapter 7.1, introducing the basic conceptual frame, causal chain windowing, which is seen to associate a wide range of structural patterns systematically...

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