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«… the ball seemed to keep rolling …»

Linking up Cognitive Systems in Language: Attention and Force Dynamics

Martina Lampert and Günther Lampert

Again firmly rooted in Leonard Talmy’s Cognitive Semantics, this new study moves beyond the analysis of single schematic systems in language contributing to the linguistic task of conceptual integration. It investigates for the first time effects of linking up Force Dynamics, a conceptual category generalizing over the traditional notion of the causative, and the Attention system of language, as detailed in Talmy’s most recent extended draft version. To accommodate the conceptual and formal complexities involved at the interface of Attention, Force Dynamics, and Cognitive State and to allow for an appropriate degree of fine-grainedness the analytical framework affords, the exposition has been constrained to the golf scenario, where forces are at work in the physical and sociodynamic domains.


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Chapter 8 Opening New Vistas, or: Where Do We Go from Here?


In the present book we have attempted, as one facet of a long-standing re- search agenda, to probe into effects that might ensue from linking up two schematic systems which are essential components of TALMY’s encompassive Overlapping Systems Model of Conceptual Organization: Attention and Force Dynamics. Introducing the attention system at work in the linguistic represen- tations of the real-world golf scenario, we have specifically focused on scruti- nizing, in an exemplary fashion, attentional profiles of individual force- dynamically specified simplex and complex morphemes, and we have offered some thoughts on the attentional competition emanating from a cross-venue comparison of linguistic items expressing (physical) steady-state causation and (sociodynamic) permission. In the final chapter, we very selectively suggested a new line of study: Inspecting an authentic text in view of our initial objective to trace the actual interaction between Linguistic Attention (more precisely two of its currently most elaborated Domains, Attentional properties of an in- dividual morpheme and of a morpheme combination) and Force Dynamics, and identify major force-dynamic patterns of chaining and nesting as they emerge in the realistic and complex realms of inter-clausal and textual relations. Beyond these few very general remarks, however, we will, in this closing section, not exhaustively summarize the individual findings or repeat the par- ticular observations detailed in the course of the analyses in Part ii, but instead set out to sketch some perspectives of research along the basic logic of the pre- sent framework, both ongoing and novel as well as integrating and...

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