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Reasoning Higher Education Change

Structure, Agency and Culture

Keiko Yokoyama

The purpose of this book is to explain higher education change and resistance to change. The book explores Giddens’ structuration theory and Archer’s critical realism by clarifying cultural conditioning and integrating structural, agency and cultural conditionings within the context of higher education change and continuity. The book argues that we can explain higher education change by shifts in one or more conditions in structure, agency and culture, which enable higher education to transform into another form. It proposes two models for illustrating the relationships between the three conditionings that bring about higher education change. It supports the concepts of duality and reflexivity, denying analytical dualism.

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Preface................................................................................................................VII 1. Introduction ............................................................................................... 1 PART I NORMATIVE CHALLENGE .............................................................. 11 2. Definition of higher education change .................................................... 13 3. Structural approach ................................................................................. 25 4. Agency approach ..................................................................................... 45 5. Cultural approach .................................................................................... 69 6. Integration ............................................................................................. 83 PART II CONTEXTS ......................................................................................... 99 7. The modes of higher education change ................................................ 101 8. The patterns of change in higher education institutions ....................... 117 9. The explanation for higher education change ....................................... 137 10. Concluding remarks ............................................................................ 151 Notes .................................................................................................................. 159 Bibliography ...................................................................................................... 163

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