Skill, Practice, Performance
Edited By András Benedek and Kristof Nyiri
Images in Conservative Education. Kristóf Nyíri
Images in Conservative Education Kristóf Nyíri Conservatism is a perennial human attitude and a constantly present cultural fac- tor. As a consciously held theory it was however not formulated before the eighteenth century, and the expression “conservatism” itself was not in use be- fore the 1830s. In the second section of this paper, under the heading “The Meaning of Conservatism”, I will attempt both to convey a general idea of con- servatism as well as to give a brief characterization of its three main historical phases: premodern, modern, and postmodern. Especially in its modern and post- modern phases, conservatism is tormented by paradoxes. My ultimate aim in the paper will be to show that these paradoxes dissolve once the dominance of, and the exclusive focus on, verbal communication is supplanted by allotting a proper role to the pictorial – to mental and physical images, and to visual thinking. Set- ting the stage for my argument, in the first section below I offer some glimpses of the vastly rich literature, extending well back into the nineetenth century, on the visual mind – the visual as accompanying, or even serving as the basis of, the verbal, and as accompanied, or even based on, the motor. In the third sec- tion, drawing in particular on the ideas of the liberal-conservative thinker F. A. von Hayek, I will describe the main dimensions of what might be called a con- servative concept of knowledge, characterizing knowledge as local, dispersed, and embedded in practice. The implications...
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