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Justiz und Justizverfassung- Judiciary and Judicial System

Siebter Rechtshistorikertag im Ostseeraum, 3.-5. Mai 2012 Schleswig-Holstein- 7th Conference in Legal History in the Baltic Sea Area, 3rd-5th May 2012 Schleswig-Holstein

Series:

Frank L. Schäfer and Werner Schubert

Die Beiträge des Tagungsbandes präsentieren die Geschichte des Prozessrechts, der Justiz und ihrer Institutionen des Ostseeraums. In der Horizontalen widmen sich die Referate den einzelnen Anrainerstaaten der Ostsee, in der Vertikalen reichen sie von der Höchstgerichtsbarkeit im Ostseeraum bis zur Dorfjustiz des russischen Bauerntums. Ebenso vielfältig sind die Anknüpfungspunkte in der Gerichtsorganisation: Sie reichen von den Obergerichten über die Spruchfakultäten und Laiengerichte bis zur Kirchengerichtsbarkeit.
The contributions to these proceedings present the history of procedure law, of the judiciary and its institutions in the Baltic Sea Area. Neighbouring states of the Baltic Sea are widely analyzed, the topics ranging from supreme courts to secular and ecclesiastical courts, to lay courts and Russian rural courts, just as they include judicial reforms and legal educational activities of the judiciary.

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Ecclesiastical Administration of Justice in the Baltic Region of the Russian Empire during the Early State Modernization: The Case of the Province Estland: Andres Andresen

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Ecclesiastical Administration of Justice in the Baltic Region of the Russian Empire during the Early State Modernization: The Case of the Province Estland Andres Andresen I. Introduction The previous research has quite unanimously pointed to the Baltic provinces Estland, Livland and Kurland between c. 1800 and 1880 as – at least for nineteenth century Europe – anachronistic examples of comprehensive estate privileges. At times when constitutionalism and liberalism had become the modern catchwords in contemporary European politics, on the Baltic soil and under the supremacy of the Russian tsars, the Baltic German noble estates and town elites still enjoyed rights of corporative self-government which partly dated back to the Middle Ages. Ac- cording to general knowledge, the Baltic corporative privileges in the fields of administration and judiciary were decimated with the major unification reforms of the late nineteenth century (the infamous Russification).1 Some recent studies, however, have emphasized that these reforms were preceded by interventions of central state power in provincial privileges several decades earlier which should be considered as elements of the same line of development – the modernization of the state administration, especially regarding reforms targeted at the unification of different regions.2 This paper follows the same rationale and takes a closer look at the Lutheran ecclesiastical administration of justice in the Baltic provinces in the context of state policies during the early nineteenth century. The provinces Estland, Livland and Kurland formed a very distinct region of the empire, especially due to their common cultural and historical background of western...

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