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Justiz und Justizverfassung- Judiciary and Judicial System

Siebter Rechtshistorikertag im Ostseeraum, 3.-5. Mai 2012 Schleswig-Holstein- 7th Conference in Legal History in the Baltic Sea Area, 3rd-5th May 2012 Schleswig-Holstein

Series:

Frank L. Schäfer and Werner Schubert

Die Beiträge des Tagungsbandes präsentieren die Geschichte des Prozessrechts, der Justiz und ihrer Institutionen des Ostseeraums. In der Horizontalen widmen sich die Referate den einzelnen Anrainerstaaten der Ostsee, in der Vertikalen reichen sie von der Höchstgerichtsbarkeit im Ostseeraum bis zur Dorfjustiz des russischen Bauerntums. Ebenso vielfältig sind die Anknüpfungspunkte in der Gerichtsorganisation: Sie reichen von den Obergerichten über die Spruchfakultäten und Laiengerichte bis zur Kirchengerichtsbarkeit.
The contributions to these proceedings present the history of procedure law, of the judiciary and its institutions in the Baltic Sea Area. Neighbouring states of the Baltic Sea are widely analyzed, the topics ranging from supreme courts to secular and ecclesiastical courts, to lay courts and Russian rural courts, just as they include judicial reforms and legal educational activities of the judiciary.

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The Jurisdiction of Secular and Ecclesiastical Courts inthe Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Rusne Juozapaitiene

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The Jurisdiction of Secular and Ecclesiastical Courts in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania Rusn Juozapaitien I. Introduction The competence of secular and ecclesiastical (spiritual) courts in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania has not yet been in the focus of Lithuanian academic literature. Most often authors just shortly touch upon this issue while examining other aspects of the relationship between the state and the church. Among the latest academic research, articles of Yevgeniy Makhovenko,1 Professor at the Faculty of Law of the Vilnius University, are worth to be mentioned, but attention to the problem is paid in such articles only in the general sense. The aim of this contribution to the proceedings is to analyse the jurisdiction of secular and ecclesiastical (spiritual) courts as they are reflected in the legal sources. The primary example is the normative law in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (further – GDL) in the 16th century concerning marriage and family cases. The legal practice is not in the center of this research. Traditionally it is believed that all mar- riage and family cases were settled only in ecclesiastical courts. As the jurisdiction of secular and ecclesiastical courts was not clearly delimitated in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, various rules of law (legal provisions) of the Grand Duchy of Lithu- ania are analysed, which help to determine the competence of relevant courts. In order to enable better understanding of the jurisdictional questions, especially in marriage and family cases, the context is extended by historical, comparative and synthetic...

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