Edited By Ewa Nowak, Dawn Schrader and Boris Zizek
Part I: The Cognitive Competenciesin Research
Part I The Cognitive Competencies in Research Kristin Prehn Moral Judgment Competence. A Re-Evaluation of the Dual Aspect Theory Based on Recent Neuroscientific Research Abstract: Lind’s Dual Aspect Theory of Morality suggests that moral decision making does not rely only on the internalized understanding of social norms that are represent- ed as virtuous moral orientations, but also on the ability to apply them in a consistent and differentiated manner in varying social situations. In the following, I will first give a brief overview of current psychological models on morality. Second, I will introduce the neuroscientific approach to the study of morality, and, finally, I will present my own work comprising of a neuroimaging study on moral judgment using Georg Lind’s concept of moral judgment competence. Keywords: moral judgment competence, neural correlates, decision making, Georg Lind Moral judgment is defined as the evaluation of one’s own or some- one else’s behavior with respect to social norms and values consid- ered to be virtuous by a culture or subculture, such as not stealing or being a honest citizen (definition adapted from Haidt, 2001, p. 817)1. __________________ 1 For the sake of simplicity, I will not distinguish here between dilemmatic moral judgment (i.e., choosing the lesser of two evils) and moral decision making or socio- normative judgment (terms that refer to more simple tasks like the making of a deci- sion whether a presented behavior is violating a social norm or not) and will use these terms synonymously. I will also not distinguish...
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