Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 General Remarks The only traditional part of speech which has no members (in some language) which could plausibly be confused with adpositions is interjections. In this book I will look at the question of distinguishing between adpositions and all of the other (traditional) parts of speech, and at items whose status as adpositions or one of these parts of speech has been disputed or is difficult to determine. I do not wish to duplicate the work of others. Hagège (2010) deals with dis- tinguishing adpositions from some other items in the section entitled “On Some Word-Types that Might Be Mistaken for Adps [= Adpositions]” (pp. 62-96), but he does not discuss the traditional parts of speech there. (He does have a subsec- tion on “Adps and Conjunctions of Coordination” (pp. 93-96), but not one on adpositions vs. conjunctions in general.) Rather, he treats preverbs, “direction- pointers” (ibid.:66), “direct and inverse morphemes” (ibid.:67), and various other items, as well as particles such as up in to look up. In contrast, I am limiting myself to the traditional parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, and pronouns; to my knowledge, there is no extended work on the general issue of the distinction between adpositions and words of these classes. Note that some of the items that Hagège brings up, e.g. applicative affixes, would not be thought of as words, and would hence not belong to word classes or parts of speech; in this book I am concerned...
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