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Monographic Sociology of Dimitrie Gusti

Social Science and Reform


Gabriela Georgevici

This book highlights an important moment in the history of Romanian sociology: The idea of getting involved in the knowledge and construction of social life as well as the virtues of the sociologic monograph method that were promoted by the Bucharest Sociologic School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute. This work now forwards an analysis of Dimitrie Gusti’s original sociologic thinking system, a theoretic model underlying the monographic campaigns conducted by multidisciplinary teams. Rural studies were the central axis of the Bucharest Sociologic School. An important innovation of Dimitrie Gusti’s School is examined: the launching of social work through the Superior School for Social Work and Assistance Princess Ileana, founded in Bucharest in 1929. A detailed presentation of the monographs conducted by the Bucharest School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute with their specific characteristics is given, bearing the mark of sociologist Dimitrie Gusti and other remarkable personalities of the Romanian inter-war scientific elite.


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Chapter III The Banat-Crisana Social Institute – promoter and innovator of the research ideas and methods initiated by the Bucharest Sociologic School


61 Chapter III The Banat- – promoter and innovator of the research ideas and methods initiated by the Bucharest Sociologic School 1. Constitution and organisation of the Banat – Dimitrie Gusti’s work and creation marked a new era in the organisation of sociology from an interdisciplinary perspective and in direct relation with practice and social life. The scientific and cultural movement developed under the leadership of Professor Dimitrie Gusti for the investigation of social reality triggered the creation of several institutions more or less independent to the Romanian Social Institute, all inspired form his activity and supported scientifically and morally by him. The Banat- Q&& & &|> founded on the 21st $ > preoccupations in the field of social research, and dr. Iosif Nemoianu who, grace to studies of social medicine, drew the attention of Professor Dimitrie Gusti. The idea of creating the institute came in 1929, on the occasion of a Congress of Yugoslavia refugees, when it was remarked that Romanian did not have a documentation centre about the Romanians living in the neighbouring countries. A future institute could compensate this absence in the regional plane, and research Banat’s complex issues, >% & _ $ " % ? $ prestige, to provide the frame for a scientific activity of Banat intellectuals. Thus, the model of the Bucharest Sociologic School inspired the &_  with Professor D. Gusti exceeded the strictly scientific sphere. Whenever there were difficulties in the "%&_ monographic method of Professor Dimitrie Gusti, we examined the villages investigation in its entire sociologic aspect, so that, from the set of the peasant’s...

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