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Monographic Sociology of Dimitrie Gusti

Social Science and Reform


Gabriela Georgevici

This book highlights an important moment in the history of Romanian sociology: The idea of getting involved in the knowledge and construction of social life as well as the virtues of the sociologic monograph method that were promoted by the Bucharest Sociologic School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute. This work now forwards an analysis of Dimitrie Gusti’s original sociologic thinking system, a theoretic model underlying the monographic campaigns conducted by multidisciplinary teams. Rural studies were the central axis of the Bucharest Sociologic School. An important innovation of Dimitrie Gusti’s School is examined: the launching of social work through the Superior School for Social Work and Assistance Princess Ileana, founded in Bucharest in 1929. A detailed presentation of the monographs conducted by the Bucharest School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute with their specific characteristics is given, bearing the mark of sociologist Dimitrie Gusti and other remarkable personalities of the Romanian inter-war scientific elite.


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Chapter IV The Banat-Crisana Social Institute monographic campaigns


77 Chapter IV The Banat- monographic campaigns The six monographic campaigns conducted in Banat proved the competency, rigour and professionalism of the BCSI teams, who investigated a number of 21 localities, and drew up an impressive number of charts. Focused on a certain problem considered of high interest for Banat, but analysing also the frames and manifestations in order to perform a deep analysis of the social phenomenon, the monographs are similar to those elaborated by R.S.I. š$ "> support from Bucharest for this campaign, X&> %> ""%$ directly involved, clarifying the importance of the use of family charts, economic charts and questionnaires. The content of the monograph elaborated by the BCSI “The œ $'*‘+% Š /^ $ the very high general death rate, but the “true causes of Banat’s depopulation are different, i.e. economic, social, moral and hygienic in 81 nature. Until our peasant does not acquire deeper knowledge about the importance of social hygiene, he will not be able to take care of the salvation of his health. Considering that populations’ morbidity is increasing, the State, through its organisms, grace to free medical consultations and by putting at their disposal the medication needed must sacrifice themselves in order to heal the rural people” (BCSI, 1938, p. 59). The second statistic report presents the conclusions regarding property, farming produce, taxes, consumption of strong alcohol, smoking, consumption of sugar, oil etc. The medical-social section presented several reports: 1. Report on the “infantile population” by Dr. I. Nemoianu where findings of facts are presented related...

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