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Monographic Sociology of Dimitrie Gusti

Social Science and Reform


Gabriela Georgevici

This book highlights an important moment in the history of Romanian sociology: The idea of getting involved in the knowledge and construction of social life as well as the virtues of the sociologic monograph method that were promoted by the Bucharest Sociologic School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute. This work now forwards an analysis of Dimitrie Gusti’s original sociologic thinking system, a theoretic model underlying the monographic campaigns conducted by multidisciplinary teams. Rural studies were the central axis of the Bucharest Sociologic School. An important innovation of Dimitrie Gusti’s School is examined: the launching of social work through the Superior School for Social Work and Assistance Princess Ileana, founded in Bucharest in 1929. A detailed presentation of the monographs conducted by the Bucharest School and the Banat-Crişana Social Institute with their specific characteristics is given, bearing the mark of sociologist Dimitrie Gusti and other remarkable personalities of the Romanian inter-war scientific elite.


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Remarkable personality of his epoch, world-famous scientist, man of culture, Dimitrie Gusti gained an outstanding recognition as sociologist both in the country and abroad. This prestigious place he earned was due both to his doctrine, interesting and rich in ideas, and to his capacity of initiation, organisation and co-ordination of the investigations of social reality in our country, with the enthusiastic support of an active team of collaborators. Founder of a sociologic system, Dimitrie Gusti is original by the way he conceived social reality and sociology as science. Like other fellow sociologists, he had grasped the fact that sociology could no longer ignore reality. In the period between the two World Wars, the “Monographic School”, created and guided by Professor D. Gusti, set the cornerstones of the Romanian modern sociology with an important international echo in the sociology of the time. It is characterised by the systematic organisation of campaigns for the direct investigation of social reality with “complex interdisciplinary teams”, initially organised within the Sociology Seminar of the Sociology Chair within the University of Bucharest, and then expanded throughout the country grace to a network of dedicated institutes. The rural studies were the central axis of the Bucharest Sociologic School. The originality of the Gusti School paradigm consists in the fact that “it is the first School of Sociology that created a methodology of comparative-progressive research of social units, from family and village as social units to the super-rural communities and from the latter to the national societies and...

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