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«Poesis Artificiosa»

Between Theory and Practice


Edited By Agnieszka Borysowska and Barbara Milewska-Wazbinska

Poesis artificiosa was known in the literary heritage of ancient Greeks and Romans, and in the Far and Middle East. Its tradition was preserved in the Middle Ages and practiced later. Poesis artificiosa gained an unprecedented popularity in the Baroque – a period most inclined towards all manner of special effects. The aim of this book is to present problems related to the Neo-Latin pattern poetry created from the 15th to the 18th century in Central Europe, mainly in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, German Pomerania, and Silesia. In the initial chapters, the authors discuss the practical application of pattern poetry in religious works, in compositions intended for the commemoration of the departed, and in poems featuring panegyric content. The remaining chapters refer to its theoretical aspects.


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The Dead Persons, Lapidary Letters,Immortal Memory. Atoms of the Poesis Artificiosa in the Churchof St. Casimir the Prince, Kraków. Elwira Buszewicz


The Dead Persons, Lapidary Letters, Immortal Memory Atoms of the Poesis Artificiosa in the Church of St. Casimir the Prince, Kraków Elwira Buszewicz Jagiellonian University Littera scripta manet 1. Introduction The focus of this interpretation will be on an artful1 epitaph, dedicated by Andrzej Żydowski (of Doliwa Coat of Arms) to his wife, Katherine, in St. Casimir’s Franciscan church in Kraków. Ars epitaphica of this church reflects a literary and social microcosm characteristic for the temporal boundary between the end of Jan III Sobieski’s reign and the Saxon Age. Katarzyna Żydowska’s epitaph is placed to the right of the main altar (if one is facing it). There is, fixed to the same wall, the epitaph of Anna, nee Żydowska, Stanisław Borsza-Drzewiecki’s wife; the funeral monument of Jan Morsztyn of Leliwa Coat of Arms, son of the venerable Polish po- et, Stanisław, is fixed to the opposite wall, a bit nearer the door. 1 The mentioned epitaph is most characteristic for the genre under discussion; nevertheless, all three of them which will be taken into consideration may serves as an example of specific forms in literary tradition aspiring to poesis artificiosa, because they demand wit, acuity of thought and creative subtlety. Some scholars consider the stemmata, emblemata, symbola seu hieroglyphica, elogia, epitaphia, in- scriptiones etc. among these forms. See Eugenia Ulčinaitė, Teoria retoryczna w Pol- sce i na Litwie w XVII wieku: Próba rekonstrukcji schematu retorycznego (Wrocław: Ossolineum, 1984), 165. 120 Elwira Buszewicz Figure...

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