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«De manibus Valachorum scismaticorum ... »

Romanians and Power in the Mediaeval Kingdom of Hungary- The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries

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Ioan-Aurel Pop

The medieval history of the Romanians in the Hungarian kingdom still represents one of the most delicate subjects in European history. This book is the product of more than thirty years of research, and thus provides new and balanced insights into that history, revealing both the rise and the decline of communities and individuals, as well as the diversity of these borderlands of Christian Europe.

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Introduction ................................................................................................. 11 1. How could the mechanism of power in the Middle Ages be understood ............................................................................................. 19 2. An explanation: why the Romanians and their country (countries) have two names ........................................................................................... 27 3. Between grandeur and decadence: Hungary during the last Árpádian century and the new Angevin century ......................................... 41 4. The others and power: ethnicities and religions in mediaeval Hungary and Transylvania (Up until the fourteenth century) .................................... 57 4.1. Preliminaries ................................................................................. 57 4.2. How many Hungarians were there around the year 900 and what were they like? .................................................................... 60 4.3. The written tradition on the ethnic composition of Pannonia and Transylvania during the pre-Magyar period. The Romanians ............................................................................. 62 4.4. The Romanians as they appear in the sources up until the fourteenth century ....................................................................... 66 4.5. New population groups coming to Hungary during the Árpádian period (the twelfth-thirteenth centuries) .................................... 68 4.6. A general overview of the ethnic groups in Hungary between the ninth and the fourteenth centuries ....................................... 72 4.7. “Christians”, “schismatics”, Jews, Muslims and other “pagans”: confessions in Hungary until the beginning of the fourteenth century ....................................................................................... 73 4.8. “How faithful and grateful to the Lord he was”: Louis I’s religious policy and its outcomes ................................................. 80 4.9. Conclusions ................................................................................... 83 5. “Masters of our own land for a thousand years”: The ancientness of the Romanians as portrayed by the official documents .......................... 87 6 Content 6. The Fourth Crusade (1203-1204) or the western method of eradicating the “schism” ............................................................................ 103 6.1. The Holy See’s programme of rebuilding the ecclesiastical unity ..................................................................................... 104 6.2. The perception of the action of...

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