6 Violence of Ideologies
Risto Marjomaa asks why has war been pursued and why does it crucially con- tinue to persist at present to haunt our societies around the world?864 Generally, what engenders detrimental violence to break out among people in political and social institutions is not uniform. Every political and cultural institution has its different ideological discourses of violence. For Clausewitz “war is a continua- tion of politics by other means”.865 And others claim that “violence is a midwife of history”.866 It is an instrument which oppressed and exploited classes adopt in confronting an oppressive and exploiting class of power. Thus, the oppressed and exploited classes apply it to rectify such a situation through change, but a unique “change that comes through the barrel of a gun”.867 The students interviewed for this study think that there are ideological com- plexities which cause the long and repetitive civil wars in Sudan.868 Such opin- ions can be found in answers to the question “Do you think the exclusion of the South has a link with the past civil wars between the South and the North, and if you think so, what about the current violence within the North as in Darfur, how do you evaluate it?” Some students argue that: “The civil war of the indige- nous African Muslims, Christians, and Animists from Darfur, Nuba Mountains, Ingessana Hills and Beja against the ruling elite Muslim Arabs in power is caused by political and economic marginalisation, under the autocratic military system that...
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