Reframing the Relations of Media, Knowledge, and Innovation in Society
Edited By Hubert Knoblauch, Mark D. Jacobs and René Tuma
Introduction: Culture, Communication, and Creativity (HUBERT KNOBLAUCH, MARK D. JACOBS, AND RENÉ TUMA)
Introduction: Culture, Communication, and Creativity1 HUBERT KNOBLAUCH, MARK D. JACOBS, AND RENÉ TUMA In recent years the concept of culture has been subject to significant changes. From a “superstructure” based on economic fact to a “structure of significations” carried by “signs or a cloth of meaning” guiding actors, culture has moved into the focus not only of the humanities. Recently, due to the impact of the “cultural turn” economists have also become interested in culture as a basic resource for the production of wealth. The most prominent formulation of this new interest in culture has been ex- pressed by the notion of creativity. The interest in creativity, for long time a marginal topic of academic interest, became a formula guiding action in many societal fields, such as politics, economics, city planning, and edu- cation. The locus for creativity ranges from the individual level of “crea- tive subjects” to the intermediate level (“creative cities”) up to national societies (“creative classes,” “creative nations”) to the policies of interna- tional governance organizations. Although the debate over creativity has already neared the limits of its expansion both across structural levels and as a cultural category, one must observe that the notion of creativity still lacks precision (as does its somewhat more “technological” relative, in- novation). Given the fact that creativity is primarily used in a normative sense as an ideal, very few attempts have been undertaken to scrutinize the notion as something which has become part of social reality. This book addresses the role...