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Lingua Franca Communication

Karlfried Knapp and Christiane Meierkord

Lingua francas are languages used for communication between individuals for whom they are not the first language. Based on empirical work throughout, the individual contributions to this volume address lingua franca communication from sociolinguistic as well as from conversation analytic perspectives, or place this form of communication within the wider context of foreign language teaching. The volume as a whole attempts to broaden the traditional view of lingua francas as languages employed by non-native speakers to serve specific, restricted communicative purposes only. Instead, it is demonstrated that lingua francas have gained a number of varied functions, and that they are employed by a heterogeneous group of speakers for whom they do not always have the same status of a second or foreign language. The papers reveal intriguing similarities in form across different lingua francas, but also point at significant differences. As a result, it is proposed that approaches to teach lingua francas as such need to be developed on the basis of empirical evidence.

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Approaching lingua franca communication. Christiane Meierkord & Karlfried Knapp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 The sociolinguistics of Lingala as a diaspora lingua franca: Historical and language ideological aspects. Michael Meeuwis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 On the main characteristics ofEsperanto-communication. Sabine Fiedler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 English as a language for internal company communications. Marina Vollstedt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 'Language stripped bare' or 'linguistic masala'? Culture in lingua franca communication. Christiane Meierkord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Foreigner talk in lingua franca business telephone calls. Patricia Haegeman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 From chaos to the smallest common denominator. Topic management in English lingua franca communication. Agnes Lesznyak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Discourse strategies solving trouble in German lingua franca communication. Jung Hee Bae. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 8 Contents The fading out ofthe non-native speaker. Native speaker dominance in lingua-franca-situations. Karlfried Knapp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217 Developing pragmatic competence in English as a lingua franca. Juliane Hause. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 The shape of things to come? Some basic questions about English as a lingua franca. Barbara Seidlhofer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Biographical notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 Key to transcription symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307

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