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Die Evolution der Kulturfähigkeit

Beiträge zu einer Kritik des ethnologischen Kulturbegriffs

Heinzpeter Znoj

Worin besteht die menschliche Kulturfähigkeit, und wie hat sie sich im Lauf der menschlichen Evolution herausgebildet? Was bedeutet die Kenntnis dieser biotischen Grundlagen der Kultur für die Interpretation bestehender kultureller Erscheinungen? - Diese Verbindung ethnologischer und biologischer Fragestellungen problematisiert den ethnologischen Kulturbegriff und einige zentrale Positionen der klassischen ethnologischen Kulturtheorien. Die Arbeit zeigt auf, dass es in der Ethnologie des 20. Jahrhunderts eine wachsende Tendenz gibt, ihre ursprünglich idealistische theoretische Begründung durch eine naturwissenschaftliche abzulösen. Sie versteht sich als programmatischer und inhaltlicher Beitrag zu diesem Übergang.
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Notes on Contributors

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Gabija Bankauskaitė-Sereikienė is a professor at the University of Vilnius (Lith- uania), Kaunas Faculty of Humanities, Department of Lithuanian Philology. She is also the head academic at the Centre for Socio-cultural Research. She is the author of the monograph “Balys Sruoga: Traditional and Contemporary Con- ception” (2007, in Lithuanian), and has published over 30 articles on modern- ism in Lithuanian literature and its contexts. Gabija Bankauskaitė-Sereikienė is currently working on First Lithuanian Republic periodicals and advertisements. Her chief academic interests are modernism in literature and culture, literary criticism, advertising in periodicals.  Ryszard Bartnik works as an assistant professor at the Faculty of English, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland. His scholarly interests concentrate on: contemporary (non-)fiction narratives written in English, correlations between the literary field and the public (political and socio-cultural) domain, literary and cultural theories. The latest project (the book should be published next year) oscillates between South African and Northern Irish (hi)stories created after the political watersheds of the 1990s and surprisingly similar diagnosis of their au- thors depicting the post-conflict societies as (in)capable of overcoming the past troubles. Wojciech Drąg, PhD, is a lecturer at the University of Wrocław, Poland. He is the author of Revisiting Loss: Memory, Trauma and Nostalgia in the Novels of Kazuo Ishiguro (CSP, 2014) and has published articles on Ishiguro, Julian Barnes and John Banville. His main academic interests are contemporary British fiction, experimental literature, literary prizes and the canon.  Johan Geertsema is an Associate...

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