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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays

Series:

Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.

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Paradigmatic Shifts in the Contemporary philosophy of technologies: Culture of technological reflections ...................................................................................... 13 I. Introduction to contemporary philosophy of technologies ............................................... 13 II. Technics is Embodied and Hermeneutics: New Models ................................................. 23 III. Expanding Phenomenology of Technology ................................................................... 32 Cited and Non-cited References........................................................................................... 39 Social and Ethical Aspects of Biotechnological Practice .................................................... 47 I. Structuring of Scientific – Technological Innovation....................................................... 47 II. Application of Biotechnology in medicine and Agriculture ........................................... 49 III. Concluding Remarks ...................................................................................................... 52 References ............................................................................................................................ 53 Technological Development and Social Progress ................................................................ 55 I. Introduction....................................................................................................................... 55 II. Conceptions of the technical progress in the perspective of historical philosophy of the Enlightenment ......................................................................... 56 III. Theoretical concepts of technological development since the Industrial Revolution............................................................................................. 57 IV. Models of technological development ........................................................................... 58 V. Technical and social progress.......................................................................................... 60 References ............................................................................................................................ 62 Technology Transfer and Modernization: What Can Philosophers of technology Contribute?............................................................ 65 I. Technological Development as Modernization ................................................................ 66 II. Culture and Technology Transfer.................................................................................... 69 III. Technologization and cultural development .................................................................. 71 IV. New Concepts of Technological Modernization ........................................................... 73 V. Suitable technology and cultural identity in developing countries ................................. 75 References ............................................................................................................................ 76 Ethical Action in Robotics ..................................................................................................... 79 I. Introduction....................................................................................................................... 79 II. Perspectives of Ethical Acts ............................................................................................ 83 III. Autonomous Robots....................................................................................................... 86 IV. Decision Making ............................................................................................................ 89 V. Conclusion....................................................................................................................... 90 References ............................................................................................................................ 92 Note ...................................................................................................................................... 92 12 Epistemology of Biotechnology ............................................................................................. 93 I. Laboratory science as the constitution of a Research Practice ......................................... 93 II. From the Mendelgenetics to Synthetic Biology: Technologisation of a Research Practice ............................................................................. 97 III. Methods and Technical Procedures of the Genetic Engineering: Technologisation of a Laboratory Practice ........................................................................ 101 IV. Synthetic Life - Perspectives towards Genetic Engineering...

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