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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays


Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.


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Technology Transfer and Modernization: What Can Philosophers of technology Contribute? (Bernhard Irrgang)


65 Technology Transfer and Modernization: What Can Philosophers of technology Contribute? Bernhard Irrgang Technique- or technology transfer is based in many ways on technological and economical paths, which are often created by European colonization and have been intensified by Industrialization and Globalization. On one hand, the mod- ern age is a constantly developing planetary truth, a truth that labels every soci- ety all over the world. On the other hand societies in third world countries have not produced this reality themselves and modernity is an external imposition. This means the modern age turns out to be an unavoidable destiny for them. Traditional modernization and technology transfer is abstract from almost all contextual factors. That is why, technological development and modernization is being compared cross-continentally and assessed with more or less value, with- out considering the cultural and social contextual circumstances. This supposes on one hand that the western way into the modern age has a model character, is normative and that there are no alternatives to it. Also, it is supposed that the modern age is a desirable objective and that compensation leads to equal final situations. Requirements for technological standards and for technology transfer are in- novations, which constantly promise new developmental paths and a stable insti- tutional setting that can be monitored over a long period. This setting has to be ensured by the cultural system especially by its social-economical dimensions. Also, the dimension of religious world views stabilizes this setting. In Africa and South-east Asia, religion is...

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