Collection of Philosophical Essays
Technology Transfer and Modernization: What Can Philosophers of technology Contribute? (Bernhard Irrgang)
65 Technology Transfer and Modernization: What Can Philosophers of technology Contribute? Bernhard Irrgang Technique- or technology transfer is based in many ways on technological and economical paths, which are often created by European colonization and have been intensified by Industrialization and Globalization. On one hand, the mod- ern age is a constantly developing planetary truth, a truth that labels every soci- ety all over the world. On the other hand societies in third world countries have not produced this reality themselves and modernity is an external imposition. This means the modern age turns out to be an unavoidable destiny for them. Traditional modernization and technology transfer is abstract from almost all contextual factors. That is why, technological development and modernization is being compared cross-continentally and assessed with more or less value, with- out considering the cultural and social contextual circumstances. This supposes on one hand that the western way into the modern age has a model character, is normative and that there are no alternatives to it. Also, it is supposed that the modern age is a desirable objective and that compensation leads to equal final situations. Requirements for technological standards and for technology transfer are in- novations, which constantly promise new developmental paths and a stable insti- tutional setting that can be monitored over a long period. This setting has to be ensured by the cultural system especially by its social-economical dimensions. Also, the dimension of religious world views stabilizes this setting. In Africa and South-east Asia, religion is...
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