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Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld

Collection of Philosophical Essays


Arun Kumar Tripathi

We live in a technologically mediated lifeworld and culture. Technologies either magnify or amplify human experiences. They can change the ways we live. Technology has been woven into the social and cultural fabric of different cultures. German phenomenologist philosopher Bernhard Irrgang for than 2 decades engaging with the questions, what role does technology play in everyday human experience? How do technological artefacts affect people’s existence and their relations with the world? And how do instruments, devices and apparatuses produce and transform human knowledge? Along with Albert Borgmann, Larry Hickman, Don Ihde, Carl Mitcham, Hans Poser, Peter-Paul Verbeek, Walther Zimmerli, contemporary German philosopher of technology Bernhard Irrgang provides a useful vocabulary for understanding the ways we relate to technology and to the world through technologies in different cultures.


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Ethical Action in Robotics (Bernhard Irrgang)


79 Ethical Action in Robotics20 Bernhard Irrgang In this paper, emphasis is on the question, whether Computer/Robots can mor- ally act by analysing the difference between the participant perspective (first person perspective) and observer perspective (third person perspective) accord- ing to phenomenogical and hermeneutic perspectives. In the third person per- spective, Ricoeur‘s approach to the modelling of acts (actions) without a subjec- tive action is possible. Therefore it seems the Automatic Machines can act on its own without the moral values that are assigned to them. Paul Ricoeur considers the dialectic of a self-identity (Ipse-Identity) and the same- identity (Idem- Identity). In the context of philosophy of language Ricoeur reconstructs the per- son and identifying designations. It concerns the subject of the act of speech. For robotics and Cyborg, the concept of Ricoeur is interesting and can be applicable to an action without an „acting I” (handelndes Ich). Following Ricoeurean con- cepts, my paper is an attempt to ask the questions, whether robots can act on their own. Or, the actions of robots can be evaluated? I. Introduction In view of the question, whether Computer/Robots can morally act at first the participant perspective (subjective experience: first person perspective) and ob- server perspective (objective experience: third person perspective) are to be dif- ferentiated through the phenomenogical and hermeneutic perspective. In the ob- server perspective, i.e. in the third person perspective, Ricoeur‘s approach of modelling of acts (actions) without the subjective action is possible. Therefore it seems the Automatic Machines...

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