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Of Medicine and Men

Biographies and Ideas in European Social Medicine between the World Wars

Iris Borowy and Anne Hardy

Social medicine was one of the key health paradigms of the early twentieth century. It perceived public health as a function of social conditions and aimed at improving it through comprehensive, horizontal strategies. Yet, it was no homogeneous or static phenomenon. Depending on time, place and circumstances, it took different, sometimes ideologically contradictory forms. This volume portrays leading medical experts from seven European countries. Their juxtaposition reveals a network of international interaction and shows how different people coped with the crises of the time in different ways, sometimes as part of the scientific mainstream, sometimes as opposition under attack, sometimes in exile. Their biographies reflect an ambivalent interplay of biomedicine, politics and social theory.

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Iris Borowy is adjunct lecturer at the University of Rostock. Her research inter­ ests focus on twentieth century international relations and on the politics of in­ ternational health. She has published on various aspects of interwar health, in­ cluding 'International Social Medicine Between the Wars. Positioning a Volatile Concept, ' Hygiea Internationalis, 6, 2 (2007), 1 3-35 , and 'Die internationale Gesundheitspolitik des Völkerbundes zwischen globalem Denken und europäi­ schem Führungsanspruch', Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft, 54: 1 0 (2006), 864-875. Together with Wolf D. Gruner she is co-editor of Facing Illness in Troubled Times. Health in Europe in the Interwar Years, 1918 - 1939, (Berlin: Peter Lang Verlag, 2005). She is currently finishing Coming to Terms with World Health. The League of Nations Health Organisation, expected to be pub­ lished in 2009. Zeljko Dugac is senior researcher of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science, Division for the His­ tory of Medicine. His research forcuses on the history of public health and health promotion between the World Wars, on the history of Rockefeller phi­ lanthropy and on the work of Andrija Stampar as an expert of the League of Na­ tion Health Organization as well as the Rockefeller Foundation. He also ex­ plores a history of folk medicine in Croatia. Recent publications include 'Moth­ ers Care about Children's Health, «Seljacka Sloga» Campaign for Medical Edu­ cation, 1 939- 1 94 1 ', Casopis za suvremenu povijest 38 : 3 (2006), 983...

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