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Art in Motion

Musical and Athletic Motor Learning and Performance

Edited By Adina Mornell

Musicians tend to believe that the mystery of their art cannot be objectively studied, quantified, or explained. As a result, the term «motor learning» is rarely used in connection with musicians, and an empirical approach to musical performance is more the exception than the rule. Sports scientists, however, show a great interest in musicians because of their advanced skill level and the attentional and emotional demands of the concert stage. This work combines knowledge across disciplines. Advances toward an understanding of human behavior and cognition offer clues to strategies of motor learning and performance that promote the well-being of musicians and athletes. This book provides a forum for an interdisciplinary exchange of research, laying the groundwork for future projects.

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The Architecture of Motion (Thomas Schack)

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The Architecture of Motion Abstract This paper examines the cognitive architecture of human motion, showing how it is organized over several levels and how it is built up. Basic Action Concepts(BACs)areidentifiedasmajorbuildingblocksonarepresentation level. These BACs are cognitive tools for mastering the functional demands of movement tasks. Results from different lines of research show that not only the structure formation of mental representations in long-term memory but also chunk formation in working memory are built up on BACs and relate systematically to movement structures. We conclude that such movement representations might provide the basis for action implementation and action control in skilled voluntary movements in the form of cognitive reference structures. In human motion, such cognitive structures are clearly linked to emotions. Because different emotions are important components of human performance, we integrated the concept of e-motion in our motion architecture model. Finally, we present new perspectives concerning mental training methods. Introduction Mentalrepresentationplaysacentralroleinthecontrolandimplementation of actions. In different fields of action, mental representation makes it possible to select and combine effective sources of information. Regardless of whether a surgeon has to select the appropriate instrument for an operation; a mechanic, a suitable tool for repairing an engine; or a basketball player, which member of the team to pass the ball to, actors have to use their mental representation as a basis to identify possible and functionally relevant sensory inputs. Frequently, this identification has to be made under extreme time pressure. Hence, mental representation has to be available quickly and...

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