Impacts on Cultural Heritage and Cultural Diversity
Edited By Sabine von Schorlemer and Sylvia Maus
Interdiscipinary Approaches of Linking Climate Change with Politics and Law of Cultural Heritage
Bernd von Droste zu Hülshoff ∗ Man-made Climate Change: A Major Challenge for World Heritage Conservation No issue is more international than global warming: all people on the planet share the same atmosphere. The world is currently engaged in a grand experi- ment, studying what happens when you release carbon dioxide into the atmos- phere in greater and greater amounts. The scientific community is fairly sure of the result, a reality that is already occurring: glaciers and the polar ice cap will melt, ocean currents will change, and ocean levels will rise. Unlike other prob- lems associated with globalization; however, global environmental problems affect developed and developing countries alike. Climate change will have an impact on social and cultural aspects, with communities changing the way they live, work, worship, and socialise in buildings, sites, and landscapes. Whole com- munities may be forced to migrate and abandon their built heritage. I Natural Heritage Many World Heritage sites already exhibit serious effects due to global warming. In particular, some of the world’s most magnificent glaciers – the Jungfrau, Eiger, and Moench range in Switzerland and the magnificent glacier of Saint Elias in Alaska – that are on the World Heritage List. There is also alarming news about the disappearance of corral reefs and their bleaching – for instance at the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, the Moon Reef in Belize, and the Galapagos Islands. Lastly, terrestrial biodiversity, which is the foundation of many natural World Heritage sites, may also be affected through species shifting ranges,...
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