Edited By Laura Malita and Regina Egetenmeyer
II. Competencies for entering into the labour market
Regina Egetenmeyer, Valentina Iorio, Sandra Rüffin Job searching in the educational field: students’ strategies and employers’ expectations. A Transnational Analysis 1. Initial Situation University programmes in educational sciences do not normally prepare students with the knowledge and skills for a narrow professional field. Instead they pro- vide more general competences and give an academic foundation from which graduates are able to develop applicable skills in a practical context. Developments within the European Union, in particular the Bologna Pro- cess, stress the importance of employability within all qualification programmes. This concept has been integrated into many national policies. As a consequence, universities have developed study programmes of from three to four years that should prepare students for the employment market. The idea of employability combines, in a new way, the responsibilities of individuals, the role of the state and the role of the economy. Employers and their expectations of graduates are also given a different role. The responsibility of individuals to meet these expectations seems to be essential. Kraus (2006) combines the employability concept with the developments of society as a whole and contextualises employability in the trend towards individualisation. Employability focuses on several abilities which individuals should acquire. This includes the assumption the more able you are the better success you will have in the employment market. Individualisation processes lead to the situation where individuals have to develop a kind of personal uniqueness within given societal structures. Employability requires individuals to develop their own pro- fessional expertise and to...
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