Part III: Challenges of Post-communist Democratization and Civil Society
125 Chapter 7 Corruption and Democratization1 This last part of the book is concerned primarily with some problems associated with post-communist democratization in East-Central Europe� One of them is corruption that might affect the overall functioning of democracy and percep- tion of democratic institutions and mechanisms among the public� The analysis presented here utilizes in a novel way the classical republican approach to cor- ruption in order to elucidate some intricacies of post-communist political and legal cultures, as well as to bring to the fore a wider understanding of corruption that might be applied in other contexts as well� Democratization is a complex process of political and social transformation that seeks to replace a non-democratic regime with a stable and ideally consoli- dated democratic institutional framework that is both constitutional and has a strong liberal component (the rule of law, civil rights, individual liberty etc�)� Recent theories of democratization pay more and more attention to the cultural and social components of the process and not just to the institutional side of the process� It can be argued that research on democratization should utilize at least to some extent the new developments in normative democratic theory that has been discussed in previous chapters� What I will try to do in this chapter is to bring to the fore the renewed republican approach to politics and democracy as such, with particular reference to the problem of corruption in some of the post- communist societies involved in the process of democratization and democratic...
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