Edited By Adela Elena Popa, Hasan Arslan, Mehmet Ali Icbay and Tomas Butvilas
“Marginalised Masculinities” and Strategies of Legitimation of Violence against Women: “First One, Ask Why?”
Introduction This study focuses on the outlook of males who were legally sentenced as perpe- trators of violence against women and their ways of legitimising this violence. It is observed that some males found as offenders deny their use of violence against women or try to legitimise it when denial is impossible. Males emphasising that violence is an outcome and focusing on processes prior to this outcome try to justify themselves by referring to such factors as financial hardships, difficulties in the labour market, too much intervention by close circles, and family rela- tions while pointing to women as the source of the problem. All findings of the study will be discussed by addressing the concepts of “marginal masculinity” and masculinity crisis. Hegemonic Masculinity and Marginal Masculinity The concept “hegemonic masculinity” is suggested by R.W. Connell, an eminent scholar in masculinity studies. In her work “Gender and Power,” she mentions the existence of a gender system through which males control power relations and reap its benefits. According to Connell, there are three mechanisms that make this system work: The first mechanism is “gender based division of labour” which assigns different engagements to males and females and therefore leads to different positions, statuses, and returns. This division of labour limits women’s activity to domestic work and leads to their employment as unpaid family workers. Meanwhile, males sustain this gender regime by managing private companies or working in trade, bureaucracy, and the army so as to hold control over the public sphere...
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