Studien zu Jean Amérys politischem Ethos nach Auschwitz
Edited By Sylvia Weiler and Michael Hofmann
III. Politische Philosophie nach Auschwitz
Esther Marian Redemptorische Gewalt Jean Amérys Interventionen für Israel* Abstract: In this article, the author sheds light on the reasoning behind Jean Améry’s unconditional defense of Israel’s foreign politics since 1945. She points out that Améry’s advocacy of Israel’s violent answers to the attacks of several arab countries, particularly those of Palestine, has, since the beginning, been closely connected to the survival of anti-Semitism after 1945. For many Jews, Améry claims, life in diaspora, and the persisting dangers that go along with it, has been emotionally out-balanced by the guarantee that they will always find refuge in Israel in case of persecution in other parts of the world. Marian elucidates Améry’s theory of violence following Frantz Fanon and Jean-Paul Sartre, applied to the situation of Jewish people after 1945: Améry claims the right to counter-violence for all Jews, and consequently also for the Jews of Israel, as victims which attempt to re-establish their dignity, in contrast to victims who only try to take revenge. The author eventually draws the conclusion that Améry wanted Israel’s foreign politics to be understood along these lines. Besides she shows that acknowledging Améry’s relation to Israel as that of a survivor of Auschwitz is vital for the development of a politically and morally maintainable left-wing self-conception after 1945, because it means breaking with left-wing anti-Zionist and, eventually, anti-Jewish assumptions, instead of culti- vating them as many post-war left-wing political groups have been doing. „Ich ergreife Partei....
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