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Die Produkthaftung im deutschen und US-amerikanischen Recht

Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Produktbeobachtungspflicht

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Patrick Haberland

Dieses Buch verschafft einen Überblick über die Produktbeobachtungspflicht. Zur Erfüllung dieser Pflicht kommen als Gefahrabwendungsmaßnahmen insbesondere Warnungen und Rückrufe des Produkts in Betracht. Neben den dogmatischen Grundlagen behandelt der Autor auch Art und Ausmaß sowie etwaige Folgen einer Verletzung der Produktbeobachtungspflicht bzw. US-amerikanischen post-sale duties. Vor diesem Hintergrund werden Unterschiede, aber auch Gemeinsamkeiten beider Rechtssysteme in diesem produkthaftungsrechtlichen Teil erläutert. Im Ergebnis sollte zumindest eine Warnung vor den Produktgefahren ausgesprochen werden, während der Rückruf des Produkts die ultima ratio bleiben und nicht zum Regelfall werden sollte.

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Anhang 2: Relevante Vorschriften des Restatement (Third) of Torts: "Products Liability" (1998)

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211 Anhang 2: Relevante Vorschriften des Restatement (Third) of Torts: Products Liability (1998) Restatement of the Law, Third, Torts: Products Liability Copyright (c) 1998, The American Law Institute Chapter 1 – Liability of Commercial Product Sellers Based on Product Defects at Time of Sale Topic 1 – Liability Rules Applicable to Products Generally § 1 Liability of Commercial Seller or Distributor for Harm Caused by Defective Products One engaged in the business of selling or otherwise distributing products who sells or distributes a defective product is subject to liability for harm to persons or property caused by the defect. § 2 Categories of Product Defect A product is defective when, at the time of sale or distribution, it contains a ma- nufacturing defect, is defective in design, or is defective because of inadequate instructions or warnings. A product: (a) contains a manufacturing defect when the product departs from its intended design even though all possible care was exercised in the preparation and mar- keting of the product; (b) is defective in design when the foreseeable risks of harm posed by the product could have been reduced or avoided by the adoption of a reasonable alternative design by the seller or other distributor, or a predecessor in the commercial chain of distribution, and the omission of the alternative design renders the product not reasonably safe; (c) is defective because of inadequate instructions or warnings when the foresee- able risks of harm posed by the product could have been reduced or avoided by the provision of...

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