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Tradition and Innovation in Education


Edited By Airi Liimets, Marika Veisson, Pertti Kansanen and Edgar Krull

«Tradition and Innovation in Education» presents a number of articles that deal with topics as varied as outdoor education in Estonian kindergartens, student teacher lesson analysis skills, activities that bridge the theory-practice gap and the identity of academics in a changing university environment. In the light of PISA they also discuss how student awareness and the choice of different learning strategies explains the variation in reading proficiency. A user experience evaluation system is offered for pupils with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities, while living, learning and discovery learning is presented as an approach to violin studies for beginners. The volume takes a new look at creativity as being discussed too much and losing its meaning.


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Constructions of Academic Identity at University: Processes ‘Taken-For-Granted’ (Kristiina Krabi)


Kristiina Krabi Constructions of Academic Identity at University: Processes ‘Taken-For-Granted’ Abstract This article focuses on the discursive construction of the identity of academics in the con- text of the changing university environment� Positioning theory (Harré & van Langenhove, 1999) is used as a framework to examine identity constructions and implications� The results from a qualitative study, which involved 20 academics from Tallinn Univer- sity are presented� The data were collected using narrative interviews and analyzed using positioning analysis� The analysis suggests that academics use various, conflicting and available (traditional) discourses to construct their identities� Theoretical and practical reflection on identity construction is needed for academics in order to support their adjustment, development and overall (innovative) practices at university� Keywords: Academic, university, identity construction, identity discourses, narrative, positioning� Introduction This article focuses on the identity construction patterns of academics in the context of one university� Academics are key professionals in society, impacting both on the development of their students and profession and their own aca- demic and professional field within the university (Enders, 2007, 5)� In Estonia, as in many other countries, academics are challenged by the growth and het- erogeneity of students, changes in university structures, and emerging policies and changes in higher education (Enders, 2001; Vallaste, Klooster & Kurvits, 2008, 6)� Although academics have a significant impact and face substantial changes, there has been little research on the academics’ experiences, who they are and what they do, the challenges they face and their identity construction in times of change; however, in...

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