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Greek Labour Relations in Transition in a Global Context


Dimosthenis Daskalakis

The book investigates Greek industrial relations in a global context at different periods. Combining sociological, institutional, political and social aspects, it discusses industrial relations from statism that prevailed up to the ‘80s, to policies after the early ‘90s requesting modernisation and democratic neocorporatism. It also analyzes the dramatic overthrow of the institutional and real balance in the labour market after the conclusion of the Memorandum with the E.U. and I.M.F. and the great recession of the last six years.


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Chapter 7: Flexibility in Labour Relations


7.1 Labour Flexibility: Concept and Types Despite the fact that the discussion about flexibility has been developing for about two to three decades at European and international level, only recently has it been developed in Greece. Flexibility (Christoforatos, 1989, p.  385), a multifaceted and multidimensional concept, derived from sciences means in principle the ability to adapt to internal or external changes (Georgakopoulou, 1991, pp. 2–3). As a principle, however, that is implemented in the operation of enterprises, the structure of labour relations and the organization of labour market, flexibility has received strong ideologically charged support or nega- tive criticism, according to the relevant rich literature (Κοukiadis, 1991, p.  1; Τravlos-Tzanetatos, 1986, pp. 105–111; Μitropoulos, 1991, pp. 9–25). This fact requires so the researcher primarily discharge the concepts so that the diagnosis of the actual parameters and the absolute size of the whole issue can be feasible. Flexibility is a principle that may assume a variety of forms146 that refer either to the organization of production or to the structure of labour relations and the labour market. More specifically, two basic categories from all different versions of flexibility (Κοuzis, 2001) can be distinguished. On the one hand, the qualita- tive-operational flexibilities, namely those that are based on qualitative dimen- sions of operational policy, which enhance human factor, and, on the other hand, the quantitative flexibilities, that is, those that focus on defensive and conjectural choices of reduction in labour costs to deal with crisis. From the current main-...

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