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The Silent Majority in Communist and Post-Communist States

Opinion Polling in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe

Klaus Bachmann and Jens Gieseke

This book takes stock of opinion polls in communist and post-communist states, presents specific case studies and answers the question how opinion polls under conditions of censorship and lack of media pluralism differ from those in liberal democratic societies. These polls were mostly used by the ruling establishment to observe shifts in popular opinion and to anticipate protests. They were hardly presented publicly to inform citizens about the prevailing views in their society. Today, these polls often display stories about everyday life, opinion shifts and the legitimacy of state institutions which cannot be derived from other sources.

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Index of Institutions

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A Academy of Social Studies, 130, 142 American Institute of Public Opinion (AIPO), 33 Archiwum Akt Nowych (Archive of New Records), 8, 125, 145 B British Institute of Public Opinion (BIPO), 24, 29, 30, 34 C Centar za politikološka istraživanja i javno mnjenje, (Center for Political Studies and Public Opinion Re- search, CPSPOR, CPIJM), 43–52, 227 Centar za istraživanje programa i au- ditorijuma RTV Srbije (Center for the Program and Audience Study of Serbian Radio and Television), 44 Center for Public Opinion Research and Mass Communications, 43 Center for Social and Political Re- search at Belarusian State Univer- sity, 80 Centrum Badań Opinii Społecznej (Centre of Research on Social Opinion, CBOS), 8, 11, 17–19, 125–128, 131, 133–139, 141–143, 146, 147, 156, 173, 175–177, 180, 181, 185, 186, 188, 190–195, 228 Československý ústav pro výzkum veřejného mínění (Czechoslovak Institute for Public Opinion Re- search), 24, 25 CPSPOR Research Data (CPSPOR internal archive), 43–52 E Emnid, 214 Estymator, 113, 114 F French Institut Français d’Opinion Publique (IFOP), 29 G Gallup Organization, 91 GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozial- wissenschaften, 8 Główny Urząd Statystyczny (Central Statistical Office, GUS), 129 I Infratest, 8, 16, 63–67, 69, 73–75, 77 Institut drustvenih nauka (Institute of Social Sciences, ISS), 43, 51–58 Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, 221 Institute for Market Research Leipzig, 61 Institute for Social-Political Studies, 80 Institute of Sociology of the National Academy...

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