New Interpretations in Polish-Jewish Studies
Edited By Irena Grudzińska-Gross and Iwa Nawrocki
Part III: Problematizing the Jewish Turn
Geneviève Zubrzycki Problematizing the “Jewish Turn” What I call the “Jewish turn”1 refers to the revival of Jewish communities in Poland – both religious and secular2 – as well as the phenomenal interest of non- Jewish Poles in all things Jewish. From the commercial success of klezmer music; the proliferation of Judaica bookstores and Jewish-style restaurants; the opening of new museums, memorials, and memory spaces; the growing engagement of artists and public intellectuals with Poland’s Jewish past and Polish-Jewish rela- tions more broadly; and the emergence of Jewish studies programs at multiple universities.3 Last but not least is the relatively small but not insignificant number of conversions to Judaism, often from people who discover Jewish roots and feel compelled to “return to the source,” but sometimes from Poles without Jewish ancestry yet called or seduced by the appeal of Judaism.4 This brief essay seeks to problematize the Jewish turn by discussing some of its significations and iden- tifying the challenges it poses. The Jewish Turn as Polish Problématique The extermination of Jews and destruction of Jewish culture of Poland is presented (and increasingly experienced) in liberal intellectual, artistic, and ecumenical mi- lieux as a tragic loss for Polish culture and identity. It is in that name that it must be rescued, saved, or even resurrected. Poland, individuals in those groups argue, is not homogeneous. But instead of emphasizing the ideological heterogeneity of its current-day population as a legitimate form of diversity, they emphasize its 1 Geneviève Zubrzycki, “Nationalism,...
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