Company Internationalization and European Works Councils in the Automotive Sector
Chapter 2: The current state of research
7Chapter 2: The current state of research Space forbids a fully comprehensive treatment of the range of current EWC stud- ies and a number of systematic overviews of the literature have been compiled by other researchers (see Hertwig et al., 2009; Müller and Hoffmann, 2001; Waddington and Kerckhofs, 2003; Whittall et al., 2007). Rather, our intention here is to highlight some of the key features of previous research and reflect on what we consider to be some of the limitations of this work, which, in some respects, have constituted a springboard for our own work (Chapter 2.1). In order to explain our theoretical framework, we then consider the issue of internationally operating for-profit and non-profit organisations (Chapter 2.2). 2.1 Research on European Works Councils 2.1.1 Phases of EWC development Interest in researching EWCs as the first cross-border institution for company-level employee representation pre-dates the 1994 adoption of the EWC Directive, but was given a substantial boost following its transposition into national law. EWC research has drawn on a number of disciplinary approaches and perspectives. Historical analyses customarily distinguish three phases of EWC development (see Rivest, 1996; Platzer and Weiner, 1998: 393ff. ; Keller, 2001). During the first phase, prior to the adoption of the Directive, the research focus was on analyses of the strategies deployed by actors in their engagement with the Directive (Hall, 1992; Danis and Hoffmann, 1995) and the establishment of forums for employee information and consultation on a voluntaristic basis. During this phase, forty-nine ‘pioneer’ EWCs were...
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