New Generative Aspects in Contemporary Phenomenology
Edited By Jana Trajtelová
The Invention of a Paradigm The Normative Conceptions of the Lifeworld in Habermas (Fabrício Pontin)
Fabrício Pontin The Invention of a Paradigm The Normative Conceptions of the Lifeworld in Habermas Abstract This article aims at elucidating Habermas’ critique of the phenomenological method while clarifying his own conception of the Lifeworld as a normative, homogenic comprehension of the process of subject constitution and language. In order to do so, a review of the Husserlian understanding of the Lifeworld in the Crisis, as well as the later steps for a provisional, generative conception of Lifeworld will be provided, along with an attempt to recast the debate between the sociological and hermeneutic appropriation of the Lifeworld in Alfred Schutz which motivate Habermas to turn away from a phenom- enological perspective. The article closes with elements for a phenomenological critique of Habermas’ concept of the Lifeworld. Keywords: Lifeworld, Hermeneutic Idealism, Social Philosophy, Communicative Reason In this article,1 I will attempt to show how Habermas turns away from a critical- phenomenological perspective, heavily influenced by Husserl and Marcuse, and towards an analytic and pragmatic understanding of language and society. I want to point out that there is very little phenomenology in Habermas’ appropriation of the concept of Lebenswelt. I concede that Habermas provides us with a fasci- nating re-assessment of some classical elements in the philosophy of Edmund Husserl, but in his “critique of functionalist Reason”, he seems to abandon most of the methodological elements that would allow us to call his own method “phenomenological.” Habermas seems to see phenomenology in terms of a philosophy of conscious- ness...
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