New Generative Aspects in Contemporary Phenomenology
Edited By Jana Trajtelová
Interculturalism as an Articulation of Diversity A Generative Phenomenological Approach (Carmen López Sáenz)
Carmen López Sáenz Interculturalism as an Articulation of Diversity A Generative Phenomenological Approach Abstract We adopt the phenomenological attitude to our multicultural world by differenti- ating it from interculturalism. We defend its normative sense and its capacity to articulate different cultures beginning from the recognition of persons and intersubjectivity as well as their generation of meaning. This hermeneutic exercise will reactivate certain phenom- enological concepts that allow us to understand intersubjectivity, social reality and the encounters between cultures through dialogue, tradition and Bildung. We mainly emphasize the Merleau-Ponty’s interpretation of Lebenswelt (life-world) constituted through temporal consciousness. We will conclude by defending the restoration of an existential universality to make sense of multiculturalism as interculturalism. The latter emerges not by denial of its own culture and the support for any other culture, but it is consciously built as a process of identification within the bosom of multiple differences. Keywords: Phenomenology, Interculturalism, Multiculturalism, Diversity, Intersubjectiv- ity, Hermeneutics 1. Introduction Interculturalism is mainly a moral challenge. This article adopts the phenomeno- logical reflexive attitude to search for its meaning in our multicultural universe, which loses its indifference when it is understood and embodied into praxis, thanks to the intention to start intercultural relationships. Given that philosophy in general, and phenomenology in particular, is a theoretical and practical task, it is essentially intercultural. Philosophy is not a juxtaposition of different tradi- tions, but a reflection on the in-between, on the quality of the cultural exchanges in the life-world. We therefore believe, unlike...
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