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Wendepunkte in der Kultur und Geschichte Mitteleuropas

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Edited By E.W.B. Hess-Lüttich, Anita Czeglédy, Edit Kovács and Petra Szatmári

Die hier versammelten Beiträge nehmen die Vielfalt kultureller Phänomene und Produkte zu historischen Wendezeiten in den Blick. Neben Darstellungen von historischen Ereignissen beleuchten sie auch Wendepunkte in der Sprachverwendung, in narrativen Selbstkonstruktionen und in ästhetischen Konzepten. Die möglichen Formen von Beschreibung und Konstruktion, Antizipation und Erinnerung, Ideologisierung und Kritik, Eskapismus und Engagement sind im sprachlich und kulturell so unterschiedlich zusammengesetzten, mitteleuropäischen Raum auch von Problemen der Identität und Interkulturalität geprägt.

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I. Historische Wendezeiten

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Hanno Biber (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften Wien) "In dieser großen Zeit". Der Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges in den Texten von Karl Kraus "But some day people might find out what a trifling matter such a world war was as compared to the intellectual self-mutilation of mankind by means of its press and how at bottom it constituted only one of the press's emanations." This sentence by Karl Kraus is from his famous speech of 19 November 1914 In dieser großen Zeit (In These Great Times) and was published in his magazine Die Fackel (The Torch) in December 1914. When the First World War began the satirist remained silent until he spoke in public and demanded from others to remain silent in the face of the war. Karl Kraus analyzes and criticizes the role of the media, before, during and after the times, which dared to call themselves "great", when the journalistic phraseology and in particular a lack of imagination were decisive. Historical turning points were discovered and explained by the satirist at a very early stage in many of his texts, when the actors in the public and political arenas had to position themselves in a new mode. The apocalypse of the First World War, this fatal turn at the beginning of the 20th century and its cause had been uncovered by Karl Kraus by bringing light to its symptoms to be found in the language of the time when mankind fell victim to its course. "Man k...

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